The new Chancellor Cai Que ( 蔡確 ; 1036–1093) held Shen responsible for the disaster and loss of life.  Along with abandoning the territory which Shen Kuo had fought for, Cai ousted Shen from his seat of office.  Shen's life was now forever changed, as he lost his once reputable career in state governance and the military.  Shen was then put under probation in a fixed residence for the next six years. However, as he was isolated from governance, he decided to pick up the ink brush and dedicate himself to intensive scholarly studies. After completing two geographical atlases for a state-sponsored program, Shen was rewarded by having his sentence of probation lifted, allowing him to live in a place of his choice.  Shen was also pardoned by the court for any previous faults or crimes that were claimed against him.