Write an introductory paragraph telling the reader what he will accomplish by following your instructions. For example, if you are writing about "How to Knit a Scarf," write down three or four benefits of the finished scarf and include them in your introduction. Convert the steps you identified in your "dry run" into paragraphs. Use linking or transition words like "after," and "next." For example, in explaining how to knit a scarf, you would include information about the kind of yarn you would need, as well as how much. You would then explain how to start a particular stitch, and proceed from that step to knitting an entire pattern. Conclude the essay with the benefits you identified in the introduction.
The researcher must use the designated data gathering tools systematically and properly in collecting the evidence and need to define its object study, the type of research focus, control that the investigator has over actual issues, and the focus on contemporary phenomenon rather than historical and, from there, build a research process, limiting the universe to be studied. Throughout the design phase, researchers must ensure that the study is well constructed to ensure construct validity, internal validity, external validity, and reliability.